Appearance White amorphous powder, lyophilized
Activity GradeⅠ 100 U/mg-solid or more
(containing approx. 70 % of stabilizer)
Stabilizer KH2PO4


Stability Stable at −20 ℃ for at least one year(Fig.1)
Molecular weight approx. 260,000
Michaelis constant 1.5×10-2 M (Saccharose)
Structure Glycoprotein containing approx. 50 % of carbohydrates
Optimum pH 3.5−4.0(Fig.3)
Optimum temperature 60−70 ℃(Fig.4)
pH Stability pH 4.0−6.0 (50 ℃, 10 min)(Fig.5)
Thermal stability below 60 ℃ (pH 4.5, 10 min)(Fig.6)
Substrate specificity This enzyme hydrolyzes saccharose and raffinose, but does not hydrolyze inulin and
melezitose. 6)


This enzyme is useful for enzymatic measurement of saccharose, and structural analysis of carbohydrates containing β-D-fructofuranoside residue.




The formation of reducing sugars is measured by the modified Fehling-Lehmann-Schoorl method. 7)

Unit definition

One unit catalyzes formation of one milligram of glucose-equivalent reducing sugars in 3 minutes, under the conditions detailed below. This activity is equivalent to the international unit, i.e. hydrolysis of one micromole of saccharose per minute at the same temperature.



A. Saccharose solution 5.0 %: 5.0 g of saccharose / 100 mL of 80 mM acetate buffer, pH 4.5, with 2−3 drops of toluene added for preservation.
B. Alkaline solution 103 g of NaOH + 346 g of potassium sodium tartrate tetrahydrate / 1,000 mL of H2O
C. CuSO4 solution 6.93 % (69.3 g CuSO4・5H2O/1,000 mL of H2O)
D. KI solution 30 %: 300 g of KI / 1,000 mL H2O (store in a brownish bottle)
E. H2SO4 solution 25 %
F. Na2S2O3 solution 50 mM: 49.638 g of Na2S2O3・5 H2O, 4.0 g of Na2CO3 (stabilizer) / 4,000 mL of H2O (store in a brownish bottle for 3−4 days before use)
G. Soluble starch solution 2.0 %: Dissolve by boiling (should be freshly prepared)
H. Enzyme diluent 50 mM acetate buffer, pH 4.5


1. Pipette 1.0 mL of substrate solution (A) into a test tube and equilibrate at 20 ℃ for approximately 5 minutes.

2. Add 1.0 mL of the enzyme solution (pre-incubated at 20 ℃) and mix.

Concentration in assay mixture
Acetate buffer 65 mM
Saccharose 73 mM

3. After exactly 3 minutes at 20 ℃, add 2.0 mL of alkaline solution (B) to stop the reaction.

At the same time, prepare the blank by first mixing the substrate solution with 2.0 mL of alkaline solution after incubation for 3 minutes at 20 ℃, then add the enzyme solution, and carry out the same procedure as with the test (Procedure 4−8).

4. Transfer the stopped reaction mixture from the test tube to a 100-mL Erlenmeyer flask. Rinse the inside of the test tube with approximately 3 mL of distilled water and transfer the rinsings to the flask. Repeat this procedure three times.

5. Add 2.0 mL of CuSO4 solution (C) and place the flask directly on an electrothermic heater (1.2 KWH) in the presence of a glass bead (5 mmφ) to prevent bumping.

6. Keep for exactly 2 minutes in a boiling state and cool to room temperature under running water.

7. Add 2.0 mL each of KI solution (D) and H2SO4 solution (E) in this order.

8. Shake the flask and determine the amount of residual Cu2+ by titration with Na2S2O3 solution (F) in the presence of a few drops of soluble starch (G) as an indicator.

9. Record the titers (ml) of the test (t) and the blank (b), and calculate the titration difference (Δtiter, mL).

*Dissolve the enzyme preparation in ice-cold distilled water and dilute to 2.0−9.0 U/mL with the enzyme dilute (H), immediately before the assay.


Activity can be calculated by using the following formula :

  • Volume activity (U/mL) =

  • Δtiter (b−t)×F×df


  • = Δtiter×F×1.66×df

Weight activity (U/mg) = (U/mL)×1/C

Vs : Sample volume (1.0mL)
0.600 : Titration difference (mL) of 50 mM Na2S2O3 solution (F=1.00) for 1.0 mg of reducing sugar (glucose)
F : Concentration factor of 50 mM Na2S2O3 (F should be determined by the iodotimetry method in each time of the preparation).
C : Enzyme concentration in dissolution (c mg/mL)


1)H.Negoro; J.Agric.Chem.Soc. (Japan), 31, 253 (1957).

2)K.Myrbck; The Enzyme (2nd ed.) Vol. 14, p.379 (1960), AP.

3)T.Kaya; J.Agr.Chem.Soc. (Japan), 38, 417 (1964).

4)J.Hoshino and A.Momose; J.Gen.Appl.Microbiol., 12, 163 (1966).

5)O.Lampen et el.; J.Biol.Chem., 243, 1573 (1968).

6)H.Negoro; J.Ferment, Technol., 51, 879, (1973).

7)T.Yamamoto, J.Kumada and T.Sawai; Bull.Agric.Biol.Chem.Soc. (Japan); 21, 185 (1957).

  • Fig.1. Stability (Powder form)

    Fig.1. Stability (Powder form)

    (kept under dry conditions)

  • Fig.2. Stability (Powder form)

    Fig.2. Stability (Powder form)

    (kept under dry conditions)

  • Fig.3. pH-Activity

    Fig.3. pH-Activity

    20 ℃, 3 min-reaction in the following buffer solution:pH 2〜3,0.1 M glycineHCI; pH 4〜5,50 mM acetate ; pH 6〜7,50 mM phosphate

  • Fig.4. Temperature activity

    Fig.4. Temperature activity

    (3 min-reaction in 50 mM acetate buffer, pH 4.5)

  • Fig.5. pH-Stability

    Fig.5. pH-Stability

    50 ℃, 10 min-treatment with the following buffer solution: pH 2〜3,0.1 M glycine-HCI; pH 4〜5,50 mM acetate; pH 6〜8,50 mM phosphate

  • Fig.6. Thermal stability

    Fig.6. Thermal stability

    (10 min-treatment with 50 mM ace tatebuffer, pH 4.5)


1. 原理






  • 5.0%サッカロース溶液(5.0gのサッカロースを80mM酢酸緩衝液,pH4.5に溶解し100mlとする(防腐の為にトルエン2〜3滴を滴下しておく))
  • ロッシェル塩アルカリ溶液(103gのNaOH及び346gの酒石酸カリウム・ナトリウム塩・4H2Oを蒸留水に溶解し,1,000mlとする)
  • 6.93%硫酸銅溶液(69.3gのCuSO4・5H2Oを蒸留水に溶解し,1,000mlとする)
  • 30%ヨウ化カリウム溶液(300gのKIを蒸留水に溶解し,1,000mlとする)(褐色瓶中で保存)
  • 25%硫酸溶液
  • 50mMチオ硫酸ナトリウム溶液(49.638gのNa2S2O3・5H2O及び4.0gのNa2CO3を蒸留水に溶解し,4,000mlとする)(褐色瓶中で保存,調製後3〜4日放置して使用する)
  • 2.0%可溶性でんぷん溶液(2.0gの可溶性でんぷんを蒸留水100mlに懸濁し煮沸溶解する。指示薬として使用)(用時調製)

酵素溶液:酵素標品を予め氷冷した蒸留水で溶解し,分析直前に50mM酢酸緩衝液,pH 4.5で2.0〜9.0 U/mlに希釈する。




3.20℃で正確に3分間反応させた後,ロッシェル塩アルカリ溶液(B) 2.0ml加えて反応を停止させる。




7.ヨウ化カリウム溶液(D) 2.0ml及び硫酸溶液(E)2.0mlをこの順序に加え,よく混和した後50mMチオ硫酸ナトリウム溶液(F)で滴定する。(指示薬として2〜3滴の可溶性デンプン液(G)を加えておく)(tml)。

8.盲検は基質溶液(A) 1.0mlを20℃で3分間放置後,ロッシェル塩アルカリ溶液(B)を加えて混和し,次いで酵素溶液1.0mlを加えて調製する。以下手順④〜⑦を操作して滴定値を求める(b ml)。


  • U/ml =

  • 滴定値の差 (b ml−t ml)×F×希釈倍率


= 滴定値の差×F×1.66×希釈倍率
U/mg = U/ml×1/C
0.600 : 還元糖(グルコース)1.0mgに相当して生ずる50mMチオ硫酸ナトリウム溶液(F=1.00)の滴定値差(ml/mg)
F : 50mMチオ硫酸ナトリウム溶液の濃度補正係数
C : 溶解時の酵素濃度(c mg/ml)